Overview of the MAVIS White Paper process

In April 2018, we issued an open call to the scientific community soliciting short (2-6 page) White Papers describing exciting science cases that could make use of the unique capabilities of MAVIS, based on the top-level requirements of:

  • Field of View: 30”x30”
  • Wavelength Coverage: VRI, extended to UBz (goal)
  • Imager with broad- and narrow-band filters
  • Angular resolution (FWHM): 20 milliarcsec at V (7 mas imaging pixels)
  • Strehl ratio of 10-15% in V under median seeing conditions
  • Sky coverage: > 50% at the Galactic poles
  • Spectroscopy options include single monolithic IFU, deployable multi-IFUs, or single-fibre MOS, with R > ~5000

We encouraged authors to explore additional requirements within their White Paper if there was a sufficiently compelling scientific case.

Authors were directed to address the following aspects of their case under separate section headings:

  • Key Questions: One sentence description of the 1-2 proposed science questions.
  • Open Problems: What are the open problems/questions in this field?
  • Observational Needs: What kinds of observations are needed?
  • Instrument Requirements: How does this translate into specific minimum requirements, namely:
    • Field of View (imaging field, MOS or IFU size)
    • Image quality (required Strehl or FWHM)
    • Spectral range / bandpasses, highlighting any narrow-band needs
    • Spectral resolving power (R = λ/Δλ)
    • Multiplexing needs (e.g. targets per square arcminute)

The call was made in April 2018, with a deadline for drafts in advance of the MAVIS Science and Technical Workshop held in Sydney at the AAO in May 2018. Final papers were submitted in mid July. For any enquiries about the MAVIS White Papers, please email project-scientist@mavis-ao.org.

Outcomes Summary

The MAVIS White Paper process resulted in 57 complete individual science cases being proposed, involving 150 researchers from across the international astronomy community. Scientifically, the White Papers cover a very broad range of science, which we divided into five principle themes for the purpose of structuring the MAVIS Pre-Phase A Science Case:

  1. The Birth, Life, and Death of Stars and Their Planets
  2. Star Clusters as Tracers of Galaxy Processes Within the Local Group
  3. Directly Resolving Galaxy Contents Beyond the Local Group
  4. The Evolving Complexity of Galaxy Stducture Over 10 Billion Years
  5. Probing the Edge of Reionization

The proposed science also spans the full range of categories considered by ESO’s Observing Programmes Committee (OPC), demonstrating the general purpose utility of MAVIS.

Download MAVIS White Papers

The Birth, Life, and Death of Stars and Their Planets
Lead Author Institute Co-Authors Title PDF
Antoniucci, Simone INAF-Roma J.M. Alcalà, K. Biazzo, B. Nisini, T. Giannini, L. Podio, and F. Bacciotti Mass accretion in low-metallicity environments of the outer Galaxy pdf
Antoniucci, Simone INAF-Roma B. Nisini, K. Biazzo, J.M. Alcalá, T. Giannini, L. Podio, and F. Bacciotti Frequency of accreting sub-stellar companions of low-mass stars pdf
Bacciotti, Francesca INAF-Arcetri L. Podio, S. Antoniucci, B. Nisini, C. Codella, T. Giannini and J. Alcalá Jets from young stars at high angular resolution: the launching mechanism as a solution to the angular momentum problem pdf
Filacchione, Gianrico INAF-IAPS Capria M.T., De Sanctis M.C., and Capaccioni, F Comets science with MAVIS pdf
Filacchione, Gianrico INAF-IAPS Capaccioni, F Observations of planetary rings with MAVIS pdf
Grassi, Davide INAF-IAPS Piccioni G., and Adriani A. The outer Solar System: Icy Giants pdf
Ireland, Michael Australian National University High Dispersion Coronagrapy for Exoplanet Characterization pdf
Kamath, Devika Macquarie University Hans Van Winckel, Jacques Kluska, Steve Ertel, Dylan Bollen and Orsola De Marco Revealing the structure and evolution of the second generation protoplanetary disks around evolved stars with MAVIS pdf
Maoz, Dan Tel-Aviv University Mannucci, F. White Dwarf Binaries with MAVIS pdf
Migliorini, Alessandra INAF-IAPS Capria M.T., De Sanctis M.C., and Capaccioni F. The outer Solar System: KBO and Comets pdf
Sacco, Germano INAF-Arcetri Massi F., Fedele D., Franciosini E., Randich, S., Roccatagliata V., and Sanna, N. Star and planet formation at low metallicities pdf

Back to Outcomes Summary             Back to Top

Star Clusters as Tracers of Galaxy Processes Within the Local Group
Lead Author Institute Co-Authors Title PDF
Bono, Giuseppe INAF-Roma M. Latour, C. Arcidiacono, V. F. Braga, A. Calamida, V. D’Orazi, G. Fiorentino, D. Magurno, S. Moehler, M. Nonino, S. Randall, M. Salaris , and M. Torelli CNO abundances of Extreme Horizontal Branch stars in globular clusters pdf
Bono, Giuseppe INAF-Roma A. Calamida, V. F. Braga, G. Fiorentino, V. D’Orazi, M. Latour, D. Magurno, S. Moehler, M. Nonino, S. Randall, M. Salaris, and M. Torelli Cluster white dwarfs: where the eagles dare pdf
De Silva, Gayandhi AAO-MQ D’Orazi V., and Bedin L.R. Probing the cores of globular clusters: Abundance anomalies on the unevolved main sequence stars and impact of binarity pdf
Fiorentino, Giuliana INAF-Bologna G. Bono, M. Dall’Ora, R. da Silva, M. Fabrizio, L. Inno, D. Magurno, M. Marconi, C. Martínez-Vázquez, M. Monelli, I. Musella, V. Ripepi, and E. Valenti Archaeology of the oldest stars in nearby dwarf galaxies pdf
Massi, Fabrizio INAF-Arcetri L. Magrini, G. G. Sacco, and N. Sanna Testing the Universality of the Initial Mass Function with Photometry of Open Clusters in the Magellanic Clouds pdf
Pancino, Elena INAF-Arcetri D. Massari, A. Bellini, M. Libralato, N. Sanna, A. Zocchi A.L. Varri P. Bianchini, G. Sacco, and G. Agapito Dynamics of resolved stellar clusters in the local group, using astrometry “calibrated” by Gaia and HST pdf
Salvadori, Stefania Florence University G. Cresci, F. Mannucci, G. Battaglia, A. Marconi, A. Ferrara, and C. Gallart Searching for Intermediate Mass BHs in Local dwarf spheroidal galaxies pdf
Sanchez-Janssen, Ruben UK ATC R. Amorín, and J. Sánchez Almeida Young Massive Clusters in Metal-Poor Starburst Dwarf Galaxies pdf
Sanna, Nicoletta INAF-Arcetri C. Li, R. de Grijs, E. Pancino, G. Agapito, E. Oliva, A. Tozzi, L. Magrini, G.G. Sacco, A. Bellini, and M. Libralato Age, multiple populations, and stellar activity in resolved stellar clusters and stellar populations in the local group with narrow-band filters between 370-450 nm pdf

Back to Outcomes Summary             Back to Top

Directly Resolving Galaxy Contents Beyond the Local Group
Lead Author Institute Co-Authors Title PDF
Cortese, Luca ICRAR, University of Western Australia Catinella B., and Boselli A. Resolving the physics of ram-pressure stripping pdf
Cortese, Luca ICRAR, University of Western Australia Catinella B., Van de Sande J., and Driver S. The origin of the Hubble Sequence pdf
Cresci, Giovanni INAF-Arcetri Mannucci F., Perna M., Maiolino R. and Marconi A. Studying a new mode of star formation: positive feedback in galactic outflows pdf
Dalla Bonta, Ellena University of Padova E. Portaluri, E. M. Corsini, I. Pagotto, L. Buson, L. Costantin, V. Cuomo, L. Morelli, A. Pizzella, and M. Rubino Dynamical measurements of supermassive black holes and nuclear star clusters with MAVIS pdf
di Serego Alighieri, Sperello INAF-Arcetri L. Greggio Direct detection of UV-upturn hot, old stars in nearby ETGs and bulges. pdf
Ferre-Mateu, Anna University of Barcelona R.M McDermid, and D.A. Forbes Resolving Super-Massive Black Holes in Compact, Low-Mass Galaxies pdf
Freeman, Ken Australian National University H. Jerjen Dark Matter in the smallest Dwarf Galaxies pdf
Inno, Laura MPIA, Heidelberg Bono G., Magrini L., Pancino E., Sanna N., and Lemasle B. Spectroscopy of distant Cepheids with MAVIS: A detailed chemical mapping of spiral galaxies in the Local Universe pdf
Magrini, Laura INAF-Arcetri S. Randich, G. Casali, N. Sanna, and L. Inno Tracing the chemical evolution of nearby galaxies with star clusters pdf
McDermid, Richard Macquarie University Resolved stellar populations in distant galaxies pdf
Mendel, Trevor Australian National University B. Groves, K. Grasha, N. Byler, A. Battisti, L. Kewley, and E. Wisnioski Evolution of the Interstellar Medium with MAVIS pdf
Morelli, Lorenzo Universidad de Atacama Portaluri E., Pizzella A., Buson L., Corsini E.M., Costantin L., Cuomo V., Dalla Bontá E., Pagotto I., and Rubino, M. The MAVIS perspective of nuclear stellar disks pdf
Ryder, Stuart Astronomy Australia Limited S. Mattila, E. Kankare, R. Kotak, and S. Van Dyk Core-collapse supernovae with MAVIS pdf
Sweet, Sarah Swinburne University of Technology D. Fisher, and K. Glazebrook Resolved Angular Momentum with MAVIS: towards a more physical morphological classification pdf
Tosi, Monica INAF-Bologna L. Hunt, F. Annibali, M. Bellazzini, M. Cignoni, G. Fiorentino, M. Monelli, M. Perna, D. Romano, S. Salvadori, and E. Vanzella Resolved stellar populations and star formation histories in the Local Universe: star-forming dwarf galaxies in the field and in clusters pdf
Zibetti, Stefano INAF-Arcetri A.R. Gallazzi, F. Mannucci, and M. Perna The physical properties and the origin of classical bulges and pseudo-bulges in the local Universe pdf

Back to Outcomes Summary             Back to Top

The Evolving Complexity of Galaxy Stducture Over 10 Billion Years
Lead Author Institute Co-Authors Title PDF
Dessauges-Zavadsky , Mirka Universite de Geneve L. K. Hunt, A. Adamo, E. Corbelli, G. Cresci, F. Mannucci, L. Mayer, V. Patrício, M. Perna, and V. Tamburello Probing stellar clumps in distant star-forming galaxies around z ∼ 1 pdf
Epinat, Benoit LAM P. Amram, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J.-L. Gach, M. Marcelin, A. Boselli, C. Correia, K. El Hadi, T. Fusco, E. Jullo, M. Limousin, B. Neichel, and D. Russeil Versatile spectroscopy on large field-of-view with MCAO pdf
Fisher, Deanne Swinburne University of Technology Extreme Star Forming Regions in Galaxies at Cosmic Noon and the Nearby Universe pdf
Gallazzi, Anna INAF-Arcetri S. Zibetti, F. Mannucci, and M. Perna Resolving the most compact massive galaxies across the cosmic time pdf
Grazian, Andrea INAF-Roma N. Menci Investigating the nature of Dark Matter through galaxy dynamics at z ∼ 1 − 2 with MAVIS pdf
Gullieuszik, Marco INAF-Padova B.M. Poggianti, A. Moretti, B. Vulcani, and D. Bettoni Star-forming clumps pdf
Gullieuszik, Marco INAF-Padova B.M. Poggianti, B. Vulcani, A. Moretti, D. Bettoni, E. Portaluri, R. Falomo, and P. Cassata Mass growth and size evolution of early type galaxies pdf
Jacobs, Colin Swinburne University of Technology K. Glazebrook, and R. Li Testing Cold Dark Matter with Gravitational Lensing pdf
McDermid, Richard Macquarie University Resolved kinematic and stellar population sub-structure over cosmic time in galaxy clusters pdf
Mendel, Trevor Australian National University E. Wisnioski, and T Yuan Resolving turbulence and the emergence of thin disks pdf
Moretti, Alessia INAF-Padova M. Gullieuszik, B.M. Poggianti, B. Vulcani, and D. Bettoni Ram-pressure stripping in intermediate-z clusters pdf
Peroux, Celine LAM Spatially Resolved Metal Gas Clouds pdf
Portaluri, Elisa INAF-Padova R.Falomo, S. Paiano, R. Ragazzoni, V. Viotto, J. Farinato, D. Magrin, M. Gullieuszik, and C. Arcidiacono Probing the evolution of the star formation in galaxies up to z ≈ 0.5 − 1.5 pdf
Rosati, Piero University of Ferrara Vanzella E., Calura F., Meneghetti M., Caminha G.B., Grillo C., Mercurio A., Mannucci F., and Tozzi P. Exploiting strong lensing clusters with MAVIS pdf
Vulcani, Benedetta INAF-Padova B.M. Poggianti, A. Moretti, M. Gullieuszik, and D. Bettoni Dissecting the morphological evolution through cosmic time and environment pdf
Zafar, Tayyaba AAO-MQ C. Péroux, and J.P.U. Fynbo Hunting absorption galaxies in emission pdf

Back to Outcomes Summary             Back to Top

Probing the Edge of Reionization
Lead Author Institute Co-Authors Title PDF
Arabsalmani, Maryam CEA-Pris Saclay M. Trenti Hosts of the brightest explosions as probes of galaxy formation and evolution pdf
Mannucci, Filippo INAF-Arcetri Perna M., Cresci G., Tozzi P., and Rosati P. A MAVIS deep field pdf
Mannucci, Filippo INAF-Arcetri Perna M., Cresci G., Zibetti S., Gallazzi A.R., Marconi A., Salvadori S., Maiolino R., Curti M. and Pallottini A. UV morphology of galaxies up to z=~6: clumps and morphological parameters pdf
Mould, Jeremy Swinburne University of Technology Discovering the Nature of Superluminous and Super-Early Supernovae with MAVIS pdf
Perna, Michele INAF-Arcetri F. Mannucci, G. Cresci, A. Marconi, S. Salvadori, A. Pallottini, V. Tamburello, L. Mayer, T. Colman, M. Dessauges-Zavadsky, L. Hunt, A.R. Gallazzi, and S. Zibetti UV-imaging survey to resolve the morphology of z ∼ 1 − 5 galaxies pdf

Back to Outcomes Summary             Back to Top

For any enquiries about the MAVIS White Papers, please email project-scientist@mavis-ao.org.